Things changed drastically at the beginning of the 20th century. The first crack in the materialist philosophy came when Albert Einstein discovered that the mass, motion and speed of any object could be different for different observers. This too may seem counter intuitive, but this conclusion follows from Einstein’s theory of special relativity. Prior to Einstein, it was always assumed that matter, space and time were predictable quantities. Now all of a sudden, they weren’t. Materialists didn’t realize it at the time, but ultimately, this was the beginning of the fall of the house of materialism.
While Einstein was busy wrecking our everyday understanding of time, mass and motion, another group of scientists from Denmark and Sweden discovered that the atoms that everyone thought were hard little billiard balls were really composed of particles which don’t exist unless a conscious person actually observes them. (This may sound improbable, but it is a scientific fact. Please see my companion book, Science, Math and God.) In addition, Werner Heisenberg (a German) found that no one can measure both the velocity and the position of these particles at the same time. Quantum “reality” is really quite weird!
Suddenly, not only do these tiny particles have a shadowy, nearly non-existence, but consciousness had somehow wormed its way back into the hallowed halls of physics. The Horror! Einstein and the Copenhagen scientists had literally demolished the solid foundations of both classical physics and materialist philosophy. They had also made consciousness a central feature of the material universe instead of just a useless byproduct of the human brain.